A-Yokai-A-Day: Sansei

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Sansei (山精, さんせい)

Sansei literally means “mountain sprite,” unspritely as this yokai is. It originally comes from China, where it is known as sanki, or “mountain demon” — though it is not quite demonic either, having no horns.

Sansei has a single foot (like some other mountain spirits we have looked at), but his foot is turned backwards. He lives deep in the mountains and occasionally pays visits to woodcutters’ cottages and steals their salt. Why? To put on crabs, of course! Sansei’s favorite food is stone crab, which he likes to broil and sprinkle with salt to eat. Sansei is sometimes referred to as the leader of all of the animals of the mountains.

Though not very aggressive, they do sometimes attack humans. When this happens, if one calls out, “Hiderigami!” the sansei will flee in terror. However, if one calls out, “Sansei!” instead, that person will meet some horrible fate, such as falling ill or having their house catch on fire.

Nothing else is written about this yokai… but if you notice that your salt has gone missing, check your trash bin for crab shells!


3 thoughts on “A-Yokai-A-Day: Sansei”

  1. Those pages call him aka or okka. It’s one of many yokai that was illustrated long ago without any explanation, so what it is is pretty much left up to the imagination. According to the blog site you posted, it is a baby yokai, like a larva of some sort, and has yet to shed its skin and morph into some other yokai — however this is probably just made up by the author of the blog. This yokai really has no true origin other than scroll paintings.

  2. Its a popular local yokai in Dahau Japan. Okka means “large Ghost” Kozuka is a popuar surname or a “paper knife”. I think they are being playful calling him Big Ghost Kozuka.
    Here is the Google Translation:
    Dahua (Okka, Kozuka)
    Good this monster picture book
    It is a child of the monster, but it’s the mystery of all or become any figure when growth.

    Not those that molt at the turn of the season, but saw the figure.

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